What is a Tower Crane? Who, What, How of Tower Cranes

A tower crane is a large machine typically used for construction that is made up of several parts, including a mast, which is the vertical tower or pole that gives it its name. It has an array of cables and pulleys to help lift and lower objects such as concrete and steel beams. The operator stands at the top in a small cabin and can use either a remote control system or a hand-operated joystick to manipulate the machine’s arms, jibs and cables. A computer can be programmed to complete certain tasks on the construction site such as delivering supplies and materials, picking up heavy objects or doing repetitive work like drilling and welding. The arm of the crane also rotates so it can access different points around the building being constructed. Tower cranes are incredibly important for modern day construction projects because they help increase productivity and make jobs easier for those working on them.

What is meant by Tower Crane?

Tower crane is a large, free-standing crane which is often used in the construction of high-rise buildings. It has a tall mast, and a trolley to move up and down along its height, with the load suspended from a jib at the end of the trolley. The main components are the base, tower section, slewing unit and jib, each being operated separately. Tower cranes can reach extremely high levels due to their great lifting capacity, allowing them to hoist and place large items such as precast concrete or steel beams into place during building projects.

Introduction of Tower Crane

A tower crane is a type of machinery used to lift heavy objects from one level to another. It is typically used on construction sites and large projects that require the transfer of materials up or down levels of height. The crane consists of a tower, with the main body and jib resting atop it. It also features a control cab and operating mechanisms to move loads safely. 

Components of a Tower Crane 

Tower cranes are composed of four major components: the boom, mast, tie-in, and counterweight. The boom is the arm that moves up and down while supporting the load, while the mast rises up from the ground and serves as the foundation for both the boom and the operator’s cab. A tie-in device secures the boom at its highest point. Lastly, a counterweight keeps it balanced so that it can lift large amounts of weight safely. 

Operation of Tower Cranes 

The operation of tower cranes begins with a designated crane operator using a system to move loads from one area to another in an efficient manner. By using special controls within the crane cab, the operator can move materials from point A to point B by changing direction or height. By manipulating levers, brakes, gears and motors inside the cab, they can effectively control how much weight is moved where, when and at what speed. 

Safety Features of Tower Cranes 

One primary benefit to having such complex machinery in place during building operations is that there are various safety measures in place to ensure that nothing goes wrong during use. For example, tower cranes have several different alarms which sound off when it senses an overload in its capacity or if it needs maintenance work done on it. Additionally, many tower cranes feature anti-collision systems which make sure two towers do not hit each other in close proximity due to their powerful magnetism. Finally, all operators are required by law to receive proper training before being able to operate a tower crane successfully as accidents could be fatal otherwise. 

What are Tower Cranes Used For?

Tower cranes are large and powerful tools used in construction projects all over the world. They provide a necessary service to complete tall and intricate buildings. A tower crane is responsible for the movement of material and machinery throughout the construction process.

Tower cranes can lift loads up to 4,500 tonnes with some configurations allowing them to reach heights of up to 300 meters. These heavy duty pieces of equipment enable engineers and contractors to easily transport building materials such as steel, wood, concrete, cement blocks, pipes, bricks and even vehicles around sites. Tower cranes are also used to position and secure forms into place as well as unload shipments from trucks or railroad cars.

To set up a tower crane requires precision work from experienced technicians who know how to operate this specialized machine safely. In most cases, it is required that operators hold a valid certificate demonstrating their proficiency in handling these machines correctly. 

The primary use for tower cranes is for new builds where its height gives workers on-site greater access points for various tasks related to the structure’s construction. It also reduces manual labour needs due to its high lifting capability which speeds up building projects drastically.

Thanks to technological advancements such as remote controls, radio control systems and programmable logic controllers, modern tower cranes have become increasingly more sophisticated while maintaining a superior level of safety on job sites. These features have given contractors better insight into construction progress allowing them the opportunity to make any necessary changes quickly in order to reduce delays during a project’s completion timeline.

In conclusion, tower cranes are essential components used within large scale building operations across industries including engineering and construction firms as well as government organizations for residential and commercial projects alike.

What is Tower Crane in construction?

A tower crane is an essential piece of construction equipment that helps with the movement of materials, such as steel and concrete, during the building process. Tower cranes are typically used to move heavy loads in high places or to areas where other construction equipment cannot reach. Tower cranes consist of several parts: a tall mast, horizontal jibs (or booms) for reaching outward from the tower and moving items, a rotating base for adjusting the position of the boom and winch for lifting and lowering loads. Tower cranes must be erected by specialized contractors and can reach heights of over 300 feet.

What type of crane is a Tower Crane?

A Tower Crane is a type of crane used for the erection, repair and maintenance of tall structures such as buildings. It is capable of lifting heavy loads to great heights and maneuvering them with precision. The tower itself can be fixed or mounted on a mobile platform that allows it to move around the work site. A counterweight mounted at the rear of the machine ensures stability and balances out the weight of the load being lifted. Tower cranes have become a staple in many large construction sites due to their mobility, safety, accuracy and ease of use. They are typically seen as white and red latticed towers with bright yellow counterweights near the top, however they can come in many different shapes, sizes and colors depending on the manufacturer.

How do you operate a Tower Crane?

Operating a tower crane requires precision, safety and a working knowledge of the mechanical operations of the crane. The crane operator must first be trained and certified in order to safely and correctly operate the crane. After certification, they should familiarize themselves with the manual operation controls of the machine. This includes all components such as motors, pulleys, and rigging lines. After becoming proficient with these basic elements, they will then need to be able to accurately follow directions on when and where to move each section of the crane safely in order to avoid injury or property damage. They also need to be knowledgeable about safety protocols such as making sure there are no people under or near the crane’s area of operation. It is also essential that they check all loads before raising or moving them in order to make sure everything is securely attached and free from hazards like faulty welds or frayed cables. Finally, the operator needs to be aware of local laws concerning cranes and maintain constant communication with other operators and nearby personnel when performing their job duties.

What are the main types of cranes?

The Main Types of Cranes

Cranes are incredibly useful and powerful machines used in the construction and transportation industry. There are several types of cranes available, all suited to different tasks and scenarios. This article outlines the main types of cranes available and provides examples to illustrate how they are used. 

Mobile Cranes 

Mobile cranes are among the most popular type of crane and come in various sizes. They have been around for centuries and have a variety of uses in industry. Mobile cranes can move around freely, often on rubber tires or tracks, so they are well-suited for projects where accessibility is an issue. Examples include tower cranes, lattice boom crawler cranes, telescopic truck cranes, etc. These can be used for lifting heavy objects, reaching difficult heights or angles, or moving materials from one place to another. 

Tower Cranes 

Tower cranes are used in larger construction sites where items need to be lifted higher than ground level, often as high as 80 meters or more above the ground. These cranes consist of two parts – the lower base which is stationary and anchored to the ground at a fixed location, and the upper part that is raised using steel cable ropes attached to counterweights on either side of the tower crane’s arm (jib). Tower cranes require trained personnel to operate them as they are designed for long-term use over an extended period of time. 

Overhead Cranes 

Overhead cranes are often used for transporting items in warehouses or other indoor settings where space is limited but items need to be moved with accuracy and precision. The crane has a bridge structure suspended by two beams attached to two runways installed along either side of the workspace area. An electric motor allows the operator to control movement within this space using a control pendant system mounted on either end of the runway tracks. Overhead cranes are suitable for loading and unloading ships’ containers as well as factory assembly lines that produce finished goods ready for distribution. 

Floating Cranes 

Floating cranes are unique vessels built with special mechanisms that allow them to raise materials above water level with stability even in choppy waters or storms. The equipment includes deck mounted booms, revolving jibs supported by mast frames built onto flatbed barges (vessels). Floating crane vessels often use hydraulically powered outriggers that extend from the barge onto surrounding piles beneath them in order to ensure additional stability when carrying out heavier lifting jobs such as lifting anchors from underneath sea bed sedimentary deposits. These vessels usually carry crews specialized in offshore projects such as oil drilling operations located at sea depths beyond human diving ranges or servicing shipyards too remote from shorelines like maritime workshops found hundreds of kilometers away from major cities.

How do Tower Cranes lift? 

Tower cranes are the unsung heroes of construction sites, providing a crucial lifting service for the building of new structures. These machines work by using a combination of hydraulics, cables, pulleys and motors to lift items that can weigh up to 10 tons or more into the air. The most common way they achieve this is by attaching a load to a set of cables connected to two different sets of pulleys. These pulleys create a tension in the cable, enabling it to lift and lower large items safely and accurately. Tower cranes are designed to provide precise lifts while ensuring safety protocols are followed at all times. As such, they require regular maintenance and should only be operated by experienced professionals. With the right setup, these heavy lifters make light work of any task – big or small.

How much can a tower crane lift?

A tower crane is an engineering marvel that can lift astonishingly heavy weights. In fact, a tower crane has the capacity to lift up to 20 tons of material at a time and depending on its size, can even be capable of lifting objects as heavy as 100 tons. Tower cranes are often used in large construction projects and their remarkable weight-bearing capacity makes them invaluable tools in those projects. For example, they are commonly used to move building materials and components like concrete, steel and other structural materials during the building process. Therefore, thanks to its tremendous weight-bearing capability, a tower crane is an integral part of many large scale construction operations.

Tower Cranes – Top Brands

Tower cranes are used in the construction industry to lift and move large items onsite. As they can be extremely heavy duty and must comply with rigorous safety standards, it is important to ensure that any tower crane you use is of the highest quality. With this in mind, here is an overview of some of the leading tower crane brands currently available on the market. 


One of the world’s largest crane manufacturers, Liebherr offer a comprehensive range of tower cranes which have been designed to meet a variety of needs and budgets. From their compact Potain-branded MDT 168 luffing jib models, up to the ultra-heavy duty Liebherr 1160 luffing jib, these machines are built to deliver outstanding performance and reliability for a variety of construction tasks. 


Part of the Manitowoc family, Comansa tower cranes provide excellent versatility thanks to their unique LSI (Load Safe Index) system. This enables Comansa machines to switch between standard double jib configurations for most jobs, up to 5-jib solutions for complex lifting tasks. They also offer several models suitable for erection at high altitudes, such as the 831/17HD flat top machine. 


A relatively recent entry into the tower crane sector, Jost’s ‘Total Performance’ brand has made waves due to its efficient and innovative designs. Their lightweight A52A flat top crane is capable of reaching remarkable heights (up to 87m) whilst remaining easily manoeuvrable thanks to its telescopic hoist gear and patented modular components. Jost’s units also come with an extensive range of additional features, making them a great choice for busy sites or tight working spaces where flexibility and accuracy are essential. 


The world’s first Chinese manufacturer of tower cranes, Jiangsu Huada Crane Machinery (JMG) offers competitively priced models which include options such as four-leg tubular steel lattice jibs, knuckleboom towers and various cantilever configurations for specialised projects. The HC460 series is ideal for many applications as it provides reliable operation alongside features like advanced anti-collision systems and automated operation software. 


Specialising in flat top models, Wolffkran’s lines are best suited to applications where maximum reach is required but weight savings are needed too – for example when working close to existing structures or constructing high-rise buildings over public areas or green space. Some products feature independently operated raking attachments so that more than one beam can be moved simultaneously from ground level up until final elevation is reached; this allows rapid installation rates even at great heights.

Final Words

Tower cranes provide builders with great advantages when tackling large projects requiring transferring heavy objects from one level or location to another without any manual labour needed on behalf of workers on site; they are designed with strict safety measures that guarantee nothing goes wrong while materials are lifted up or down throughout buildings’ levels. Despite its intimidating size and structure, once familiarised with their components and how they function efficiently under expert hands, tower cranes prove themselves as extremely useful machinery on modern day construction sites.

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